Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

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Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is important to differentiate interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two other ways are:

  • observation, when the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with the event,
  • using papers, where in fact the document means any material carrier containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them in the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed when you look at the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative shall find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview being a genre, as being a means of text formatting in the shape of concerns from a interviewer as well as the answers associated with interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of questions associated with the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks questions, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact the meeting is a discussion, suggests concerning the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be carried out by a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so the opinion of this journalist has also been interesting to readers, whilst the opinion regarding the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Types of interviews with regards to the subject. Topic interview

With regards to the subject, you will find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject hawaii of things in every industry of activity. Usually this is certainly a job interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he could be associated with this state of affairs. As an example, an officer tells just how to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor explains just how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis should be regarding the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate from the meeting subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling of this subject interview comprises of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The subject interview comes to an end using the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero regarding the topic meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This will be information interview, one of many news genres. The job of this journalist is always to learn whenever possible the important points and information on what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.


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